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 Hypertext '99 will have two brilliant keynote speakers, both major figures in their research fields. Mark Bernstein is well-known to hypertext researchers for both his literary and technical work.Robert Cailliau is notable for his part in developing the World Wide Web. Come to hear these two talk about where hypertext and the Web hïv¥0 ave come from, and where they might go in the future!


Mark Bernstein

Mark Bernstein is chief scientist at Eastgate Systems, Inc. Since 1982, Eastgate has created hypertext writing tools and published hypertexts, fiction and nonfiction, including many titles now regarded as hypertext classics. His research has appeared frequently in the Proceedings of The Hypertext Conference, and he served as its program co-chair in 1996 and 1997.

Mark will be talking about

Where Are The Hypertexts?
Hypertextual bookmaking: betting on the future of literature


    Ten years ago, I wondered out loud, "Where are the hypertexts?" At the time, a mere two years after the first Hypertext Conference, this question might have been dismissed as youthful impatience, but its continued relevance argues that something has gone seriously wrong. Many hypertext challenges that once seemed intractable have proved surprisingly eaïv×°sy to overcome. It should now be clear that literary machines are the future of serious writing and serious reading; why do they remain rare and controversial?

    The greatest obstacle to hypertext has been neither technical nor economic; it now appears that our central problem is the chasm that divides the literary and scientific communities.



Robert Cailliau

Robert Cailliau is one of the two original developers of the World Wide Web when in 1990, he joined Tim Berners-Lee in developing a new version of the Web. He has been involved in its progress ever since then, and is the chair of the International World Wide Web conference series.

Robert will be talking about

The Sorcerer's Apprentice


    During the short history of the Web, it has powerfully influenced our world. Nothing in recent years has stirred the imagination of so many people of so many different ways of life over the entire planet.

    But was the Web the result of deep thinking, of great hacking, or sheer luck? Did we always walk the better ways?

    I will try to analyse what the shaping forces were, how they were lined up, and which accidents happened along the path of growth. Even if it does not aspire to teach any lessons, this fairly personal view hopes nevertheless to leave some food for thought.